Important information about the state of California
California is a state in the western United States. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, and the Mexican state of Baja California to the south. With more than 39.5 million people in a total area of approximately, it is the most populous state and the third-largest in the United States in terms of area. It is also the most populous sub-national entity in North America and the 34th most populous in the world.
The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the second and fifth-most populous urban areas in the country, respectively, with the former with over 18.7 million people and the latter with over 9.6 million.
Sacramento is the state capital, while Los Angeles is the state’s most populous city and the nation’s second-most populous city. Los Angeles County is the most populous in the country, while San Bernardino County is the largest county by land area. San Francisco, which is both a city and a county, is the second-most densely populated large city in the country and the fifth most densely populated county in the country, behind four of New York’s five boroughs. , California’s economy, with a gross state product of $ 3.2 trillion in 2019, is the largest subnational economy in the world.
If it was a country, it would be the 37th most populous country and the fifth-largest economy. The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the second and third largest urban economies in the country, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area had the highest gross domestic product per capita in the country among the major primary statistical areas in 2018 and is home to five of the ten largest companies in the world by market capitalization and four of the ten. richest people in the world.
Before European colonization, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse regions of pre-Columbian North America and contained the highest population density of Native Americans north of present-day Mexico. European exploration in the 16th and 17th centuries led to the colonization of California by the Spanish Empire. In 1804, she was included in the province of Alta California within the royalty of New Spain. The region became part of Mexico in 1821, following its victorious War for Independence, but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after Mexico – American War.
Western Alta-California was then organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850. The California Gold Rush began in 1848 and brought about social and demographic changes spectacular events, including large-scale immigration to California, a global economic boom and the California genocide of Indigenous peoples. Notable contributions to popular culture, for example in entertainment and sports, have their origins in California. The state has also m e notable contributions in the fields of communication, information, innovation, environment, economy and politics.
It is the home of Hollywood, the oldest and largest film industry in the world, which has had a profound effect on global entertainment. It is considered the origin of the hippie counterculture, beach and car culture and the personal computer, among other innovations, ththethee San Francisco Bay Area and Greater Los Angeles Area are widely regarded as centres of global technology and the entertainment industry respectively.
California’s economy is very diverse: 58% of it is based on finance, government, real estate, technology, and professional, scientific and technical business services. Despite making up only 1.5% of the state’s economy, California ports and ports handle about a third of all U.S. imports, most of which come from Pacific international trade. The state’s extremely diverse geography stretches from the Pacific coast and metropolitan areas in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountains in the east and redwood and Douglas-fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert. At the South-East. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the centre of the state.
Although California is well known for its warm Mediterranean climate and seasonal monsoon climate, the state’s large size results in climates that vary from temperate rainforest in the north to the arid desert in the interior, as well as the alpine snow in the mountains. All of these factors lead to a huge demand for water. Over time, droughts and wildfires have increased in frequency and have become less seasonal and more throughout the year.
putting California’s water security to the test. Etymology The Spanish gave the name Las Californias to the Baja California peninsula and to Alta California, the region that has become the current state of California. The name probably derives from the mythical island of California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia
as recorded in a 1510 book The Adventures of Esplanián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. This work was the fifth in a popular series of Spanish chivalrous novels which began with Amadís de Gaula. Queen Calafia’s kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armour and lived like Amazons, along with gryphons and other strange beasts. Caliph.
It is possible that the name of California meant that the island was a caliphate. Short forms of the state name include CA, Cal, Cali, Calif, Califas, and USCA. History F first inhabitants